North of the
church in Old Uppsala are the so-called Royal manor terraces.
Both were subject
to archaeological investigation in the summer of 2011.
investigations showed that a vast hall, i.e. a house for ceremonial meetings
and feasts had stood on the south terrace.
The hall was almost 50 metres long,
with an inner dimension of almost 500 square metres.
Archways with iron ornaments
The walls consisted of two
differently constructed walls, one outer and one internal with a 1 – 1,2 m
space in between.
The outer wall consists of posts, planks. The internal wall
was apparently a clay lined wattle and daub construction. Heavy burned
well-preserved pieces of wattle and daub had imprints of wickerwork, planks and
posts and traces of white paint.
A total of four doorways have been
found, two in the south and two in the north. They were placed opposite each
other, thus dividing the house into least in three large rooms.
The archways have probably been
fitted with decorations of the many spirals of iron found in the house. Possibly it was adorned with iron
decorations like the doors of medieval churches?
hall was destroyed in a probably intentional fire, sometime around 800.
Workshops for Artisans
terrace lies nearby and here archaeologists dug trenches as well to investigate
the early settlement.
glass beads were found here, but sensationally also almost 600 fragments of
garnets, found in an area of only 3 square metres.
These red semi-precious
stones were popular during the 7th and 8th centuries,
both on the continent and in Sweden. They were often set in minute gold cells,
using cloisonné technique, adorning clothing clasps and sword hilts.
investigation is cooperative project involving Uppsala University,
Upplandsmuseet and The Swedish National Heritage Board.
Read on about Offerings to the gods